Philosophical and Practical Approach for Balancing Issues


Philosophy is the study of general and essential problems. For instance, problems associated with the mind, knowledge, language and values, reality, reason, and existence. Philosophy differs from reality in that it relies and focuses mostly on rational matters of argument. In other words, a person’s philosophy may refer to the several beliefs held by the person or the love for wisdom by the person. On the other hand, real situations appear more complicated than what philosophy reveals. Most of the time reality approaches issues in a rigid manner whereas philosophy approaches issues in an open manner. This suggests that reality or practical approaches to solving problems usually shows limitations in seeking solutions to issues by applying a provided set of rules whereas philosophical or argumentative approaches to problem solving normally shows exploration of probable options and alternatives to seeking solutions to problems.

There are many cases of people with good conscience contradicting on matters that pertain to the applicability of overriding force regarding broken rules. However, this does not suggest that philosophy is ineffective, instead it implies that moving from a philosophical viewpoint to a practical viewpoint gives a better understanding and background of problems regarding balancing issues. Therefore this means that in order to accomplish a balanced system of solving problems, one must consider both practical and philosophical approaches.

Philosophy as well as approach for individual rights and public protection

The most common problems arising within the community today are problems concerning individual rights as well as public protection, conduct codes for criminal justice, and morality. When solving problems regarding individual rights and public protection, the practical method would be based on set rules. For example, the rule that says, every man owns their own property and no other person has a right to his property but himself. This means that the work from his hands has lawfully gifted him with the property. A person who takes property that is not lawfully theirs is a thief and should be judged in accordance with the law. This is the case because the law guarantees security of an individual’s property protection. Irrespective of their state, a thief is defenseless to accusations from the public according to the law, and so by judgment of law, the thief is also protected from the public.

A belief in fairness and justice is an important thing to present within a society. As, there is no inequality of human rights on the pretext of using individual traits for example: race, ethnicity, or gender. However, within a legal setting, these individual traits are considered serious issues regarding equality of human rights and have to be protected by the Government or Public. Despite the fact, that the independence declaration of 1776 underscored the conception of equality of all men regarding equality with some basic rights of life, happiness and liberty.

For this purpose, a choice was made for the creation of some equal but distinct laws and rules by the Court in 1896. The reasoning behind making the laws was to protect the Equal Clauses of African Americans in order for them to have access to the facilities that were being enjoyed by the whites. Such kinds of rules are created within society for weakening some segregation on the grounds of gender or race in order to protect all individual human right as it is a basic public responsibility.

Philosophy as well as approach for use of Reward and Punishment in Criminal Justice

The philosophical viewpoint would argue concerning the reasons behind a thief’s actions. An individual does not grab or steal another person’s property unless they have a need. Philosophically, society would grant a thief the chance to return stolen property whereas practically, a thief would be judged immediately. Humanity survives with reasoning and in order for humanity to accomplish success, they must use force to describe their capability in handle challenges. Society can opt to be grateful for the law of mutual protection or give the thief freedom to act and survive on their own genuine conditions. Either way, both thief as well as society will benefit from this kind of decision in that, a thief will get a second chance to have a new and sincere way of life should they apply the philosophical approach. On the other hand, society has the advantage of public protection via the law should it apply the practical approach.

Philosophy as well as approach for use of immoral means to achieve desirable ends.

When it comes to issues concerning codes of conduct regarding criminal justice, the use of reward as well as punishment that is applicable within criminal justice is immoral. For example, a large number of lawyers would use various ways of lying during interrogation in order to accomplish desired end results. In addition, moral rules, the criminal justice system as well as ethics are needed for daily operations because of the role of assisting in supporting ethical conduct within criminal justice issues. An individual right is a moral principle that sanctions and describes the freedoms of action within a social society. The most significant fundamental right is that of owning one’s own life. Rights are also called benefits or powers an individual can claim.

In addition, the reward can be used to set up innocent people as well as punish them while the guilty ones go free. From a practical approach viewpoint, rules indicate that when somebody is guilty of a crime, they must face trial and based on the evidence provided, they will face persecution. Practically, there is no other way of solving issues related to crime. From a philosophical approach viewpoint, investigations are required in order to have fair and just judgment. In cases where victims have no losses, criminals would have a second chance to right their wrongs as well as have a life change. In this regard, criminals have the chance to better themselves while the victims have the chance to make the lives of the criminals better by forgiving them and hence having a second go at life.

Recommended uses of ethics in decision making concerning issues in criminal justice

Ethics in criminal justice is used in decision making and may encompass moral as well as intelligent inquiry. Ethics has proven to be a central element in decision making that involves ethical dilemmas, and is concerned with codes of conduct, how to act, and the standards of conduct within different societies. Methods of setting standards range from cultural relativism to moral absolutism; a viewpoint that highlights moral diversity seems to offer the best hope for solving relativities problems. Investigating sources of ethical standards shows that natural law, religion, and other forms of law have an impact in shaping ethical standards. An ethical understanding is critical for capable decision making by professionals of criminal justice as well as a proper working system of the criminal justice.On the other hand, ethics in criminal justice offers a way of making moral decisions especially during periods of uncertainty that concern what is to be done in situations that require moral issues. During daily operations within the criminal justice system, ethics are highly required for the purpose of maintaining order.


In summary, philosophical as well as practical approaches are vital in solving problems in a balanced way within society. Although people may have their preferences concerning choosing approaches to solve their issues, it is necessary that people apply both approaches when solving issues in order to give a balanced solution to issues that come up. This way criminal justice does not only punish criminals but protects them as well in terms of them changing their lifestyles through a second chance of correcting their wrongs.

Career Opportunities With A Criminal Justice Degree

A recently watched crime thriller doesn’t seem to get out of your mind. Captivated by its swift action, you decide you want to pursue a career in criminal justice. It sounds an impulsive decision to others, but for some reason you’ve always identified yourself with those men in black.

The field of criminal justice is a wide one; it encompasses varied vocations and offers numerous employment opportunities. The rapid development in surveillance techniques and use of technology has further diversified this profession. If you’re serious about a career in this line of work, you may want to read further. This short article discusses the different criminal justice degree jobs.

What is Criminal Justice?

The profession of criminal justice revolves around aspects such as law enforcement, administration of social justice, fair retribution to victims of a crime, prosecution support and investigation, resolution and prevention of crimes.

Educational Qualifications

You need a formal college education to qualify for careers in this area. Institution specific procedural instruction includes certificate courses (few weeks), associate degrees (two years), bachelors’ degrees (four years) and post-graduate degrees. The coursework covers a diverse range of subjects. At the center, it includes training in law enforcement, police work, court systems, probation systems and political setup. A student also studies subjects such as psychology, sociology, cultural studies and communications as these disciplines are closely linked to crime and help correct societal issues.

The level of education depends on the job title you intend to apply for. The short-duration certificate courses train a student in basic skills – knowledge of laws and law enforcement, weapon handling and investigative techniques. The minimum requirement for federal jobs is an associate or bachelor’s degree. However, if you wish to teach, you will have to study further and enroll for a post-graduate or doctorate degree. Besides formal college education, you will also have to undergo on-job training.

One can start preparing for a career in this line of work when still in high school. Many institutions offer criminal justice is offered as an optional subject. An education adviser or counselor will help you decide on the course you should take.

Criminal Justice Degree Jobs

Individuals holding a degree in criminal justice can seek employment at federal agencies, law enforcement agencies and correctional facilities. Persons with a major in this field usually find employment at investigating agencies such as CIA or the FIB. There are placements at other federal agencies such as those that regulate the possession of firearms and other banned substances; those that collect taxes and customs on imported goods; and those that prevent the illegal trafficking of drugs. Bailiffs, probation officers, clerks of court, forensic scientists, police officers, criminologists and crime scene investigators are other criminal justice degree jobs.

While on one hand there are professionals that get their hands dirty with crime investigations and law implementation, there are others who review the system and advocate necessary changes in the current laws. Some also work to reform offenders so that they can lead a better life. Lawyers and paralegals work within the judiciary capacity of this discipline.

Criminal Justice Jobs

Criminal justice is a vast field and covers various topics such as criminal detection, investigation, prosecution, adjudication, detention, correctional supervision and rehabilitation. For students pursuing criminal justice, there may be a myriad of topics for them to focus on like law enforcement, forensics, crime scene investigation, prosecution, private security and many others. When pursuing a career in criminal justice, there are many degrees, diplomas and certificates to consider. Anything from an associate to bachelor to even a doctorate degree is available. Some of the jobs that are related to criminal justice are prosecutor, defender, police investigator, judge, prison guard, administrator, security guard, probation officer and more. Students specializing in criminology, psychology, sociology, law, political science and social work have an edge over the others and find it easier to get employed.

Crime Scene Investigation

Careers in crime scene investigation are difficult and demanding careers. There are various, degree, diploma and certificate programs that help prepare students for these types of careers. These programs provide a concrete foundation in the areas of American criminal justice and law enforcement. Crime scene investigation teaches students about crime scene safety and how to look for, gather, preserve and present evidence in crime scenes. Advanced technology plays a big role in all areas of crime investigation and if you are a student pursuing such a program, you will be trained in the most up-to-date technological advancements. For entry-level jobs, students will receive a certificate in crime scene investigation, whereas a bachelor degree in crime scene investigation or criminal justice will prepare students for the next level of jobs in the field of crime detection. Students are also offered internships, which provide them with the essential practical knowledge.


For those interested in the field of criminal investigation, forensics might be an interesting career option to pursue. Students of forensics deal with digital technology and their uses in investigating crime scenes. The main subjects of focus here chemistry, biology, biochemistry and genetics. These subjects form the essence of forensics. Forensics also has an accounting program that teaches students to prevent, investigate and finally detect any online fraud. Cyber crime trains students in the area of criminology, data recovery, intrusion detection, encryption and network security. Toxicology, serology and the study of forensic DNA are also interesting branches of forensics.


For those who are interested in working with criminal offenders, there are various degrees and certificate programs. These programs help provide students with the necessary skills and abilities that it takes to excel in the field. The duties involved in this profession are diverse and can be anything from dealing with violent convicts to working with juvenile delinquents. Students also learn all about working in courts. Rehabilitation of criminals forms a major part of the lessons. Students are also educated in the fields of probation, parole and in monitoring the activities of criminal offenders. How prisons and jails function form a major part of the syllabus.

Court Reporting

For those interested in specializing in court reporting, be prepared to record and transcribe the courtroom proceedings during a trial. A court reporting degree or certificate will enable students to work as court reporter or a freelance reporter. Learning the terminology, transcription techniques, shorthand and recording techniques form a major part of court reporting. The syllabus includes learning the rules and regulations concerning the profession.

Degree in Criminal Justice

People who graduate with a degree in criminal justice are equipped to perform all sorts of public services. Many of these related careers are exciting and come with lots of responsibilities and rewards. At times, however, these jobs can be both dangerous and stressful. These degrees are classified as a major in the social sciences. This is because the nature of criminal justice is to explain the patterns of criminal behavior and to decipher society’s ability to control crime and criminals. It is all about choosing the correct steps to achieve justice and ensure the quality of life and safety of civilians. If you decide to earn a degree in this field you will be studying many different topics, including: sociology, legal studies, psychology, political science, forensic science, urban studies, public administration, and philosophy. A major or degree in criminal justice is designed to focus on the defining factors, causes, and preventative measures related to crime in modern society; it also focuses on practical legal measures needed.

These majors learn, in great detail, about the legal and correctional systems in the United States. They study the philosophy of punishment, and the ethical codes of behavior that are used by society in the application of this studiously gained knowledge. Graduates granted degrees are prepared for careers in law enforcement, victim services, court administration, corrections, and to begin furthering their degrees in law school or graduate programs.

Study programs for criminal behavior and law enforcement are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Professionals who work in modern police forces, correctional facilities, court systems, and related criminal justice agencies are expected to have a broad, well-rounded knowledge of the social sciences. As American law grows increasingly complex, society demands more from its criminal justice professionals (and students). The standard of education for these people is higher today than ever before and the bar is only going to become continually higher.

That being said, criminal justice is an important, meaningful, and exciting career and anyone interested in pursuing such a career should be encouraged to check out the many wonderful opportunities for study both in American universities and with more flexible online or community-based programs. There is so much a person can do with a criminal justice degree and it is a field will only continue to grow with technology and other modern advancements.

There are a wide variety of College Criminal Justice jobs available to those seeking them; this is a field with high job security and very high career advancement opportunity.

How to Become a Probation Officer – Safeguarding the Justice System

Do you want to pursue a career out of making amends? Then perhaps you should learn how to become a Probation Officer.

A Probation Officer is in charge of working with people preceding their sentencing or those that have been ruled out for probation. This is comparatively a minimal form of punishment, but these law offenders require checking in with their probation officers to make sure that they go along with their punishment.

Educational Pre-Requisites

In order to learn how to become a Probation Officer, you must first understand the educational requirements necessary for the job.

As soon as you complete your high school diploma or GED, you must get an associate’s degree and then complete a four-year bachelor’s degree in criminal justice or law enforcement. During your bachelor’s program, your area of study should mainly focus on criminal justice, corrections, psychology, criminology or social justice. Nowadays, you can even study for your bachelor’s degree online from an accredited institution. However, if you want to advance your career further into a federal position, then you should try getting a master’s degree as well.

Apart from these basic educational requirements, some of the other essentials for the job include some previous working experience in the same field, professional correction or counseling experience, computer training, etc.

Skills Required

Some of the basic skills required include:

  • An understanding and a compassionate nature
  • The ability to work under pressure
  • Spontaneity and tactfulness
  • Excellent negotiating skills
  • Strong interpersonal and communication skills
  • Quick decision making

Job Responsibilities

Another aspect you should know of to understand how to become a Probation Officer is a Probation Officer’s responsibilities. A Probation Officer’s primary responsibilities include:

  • Working with offenders that have been ruled out for probation as compared to jail time
  • Monitor the whereabouts of the offenders with the help of tracking equipment
  • Conducting interviews of the law offenders and their acquaintances and families
  • Conducting an assessment of the law offenders depending on how they live and where they work
  • Working in a pre-sentencing capacity
  • Assessing the chances of law offenders repeating their crimes
  • Drafting and writing reports based on his or her observations
  • Negotiating with law offenders in times of crisis

Now that you know all there is about how to become a Probation Officer, you can easily decide whether you would like to work in this field or not.